Such bodies are the subject of administrative or public law. Such a broad interpretation includes all branches of government, e.
This applies in particular when there are exceptionally serious reasons for releasing a certain information, such as a serious threat to public health or safety, or when there is a strong evidence that wrongdoing will be concealed or destroyed.
Authorities must make certain information routinely available. In most countries, submission is allowed also by e-mail.
It entails that public authorities seeking to deny access to public information have the obligation to justifying their refusal. We also accept requests can be challenging in their language but using threatening or abusive language increases the risk that your request will be refused.
Moreover, some access to information laws permit oral requests, made, for instance, by phone or in person. Specifically, Exceptions to protect state interests or international relations, such as: Stay focused on the line of enquiry you are pursuing.
Rules regulating the right to appeal depends on national legislations and vary from country to country. The principle of maximum disclosure provides for a broad definition of "public bodies" which are subject to the duty of releasing information.
The contentiousness of the issue in Indonesia suggests that coverage of SOEs, as well as private bodies that exercise public functions or receive private funds, is likely to be a major area of controversy as new laws are adopted, especially in Asia. If you think that an organisation has failed to make a reasonable adjustment, you can make a claim under the Equality Act or Disability Discrimination Act in Northern Ireland.
For instance, in Macedonia which adopted an access to information law inthe right to access applies to local and national governments, legislative bodies and judicial authorities, and encompasses also private bodies with public functions.
To the extent that they raise legitimate concerns, some adjustments to ATI laws could be made. You can ask for any information you think a public authority may hold. This should not be later than 40 working days after the date of your request.
To whom are information requests submitted? Such bodies can issue binding decisions as well as non-binding recommendations, depending on national laws. However, in some cases, such as in Sloveniaoral request are not considered to be a formal basis for going to appeal. You do not have to: Intellectual property rights[ edit ] Many civil society members have recently alleged the subversion of the right to information Act by the invocation of Intellectual Property rights argument by the government agencies from time to time.
This is regulated by administrative law and the competent authority entitled to examine the appeal are regional or national administrative courts. Some rare exceptions to this can be found, as in the case of Ireland where police forces are exempted.
For instance, the Council of Europe Convention on Access to Official Documents gives states the option to declare their intent to extend the coverage of their ATI laws to "natural or legal persons insofar as they perform public functions or operate with public funds, according to national law," pursuant to Article 1 2 a ii 3.
Be as specific as possible about the information you want rather than asking general questions. Requests should be directed towards obtaining information on a particular issue, rather than relying on pot luck to see if anything of interest is revealed.
The majority of countries in the Council of Europe region comply with this rule, even if there are notable exceptions, such as Ireland and Germany where, however, the required fees can be significantly reduced on the ground of public interest.
Some information, such as records about a dead relative, or documents you need for legal purposes, may not always be available under the Act.
As a result, coverage was extended to entities controlled by the state even if their nature might be private Directory Advertising Cost Cutters v.
The first is the right of partial access according to which authorities have the duty of removing sensitive information and release the rest of the document. Second, there are private entities that exercise administrative authority, perform public functions or receive substantial public funds.
Few reasonable limits based, for instance, on resources and capacity can be accepted. Alternatives to applying ATI laws to private entities based on functions they perform. Moreover, an entity could receive substantial public funding and yet perform other than public or administrative functions.
The FOIA has a built in safeguard to protect public authorities from having to deal with such requests called vexatious requests under Section Usually "documents" and "information" should be made available whatever its medium, e.Access to public information and freedom of information (FOI) refer to the right to access information held by public bodies also known as "right to know".Access to public information is considered of fundamental importance for the effective functioning of democratic systems, as it enhances governments' and public officials' accountability.
THE RIGHT TO INFORMATION IN PUBLIC BODIES IN TANZANIA: A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE LAW AND PRACTICE BY KITIME ELIUD A Compulsory Research Report Submitted In Partial Fulfilment of the Requirement of the Award of Bachelor of Laws Degree of Mzumbe University i CERTIFICATION The undersigned certifies that.
Public bodies have an obligation to disclose information and every member of the public has a corresponding right to receive information. Everyone present in the territory of the. provides a high-level introduction to the early decision-making process for establishing public bodies summarises the main characteristics of different types of public bodies provides information.
Freedom of Information Act is up to date with all changes known to be in force on or before 14 September There are changes that may be brought into force at a future date.
General right of access to information held by public authorities. 2. Effect of the exemptions in Part II.
3. Part VI Other public bodies and offices: general.
provides privacy protection by placing on public bodies obligations regarding the collection, use, disclosure and retention of personal information. As such, RTIPPA aims to strike a balance between the public’s right to know.Download