The history and practice of polygamy in united states history

Studies of the 19th-century Mormon image in the United States have found the Mormons were most closely associated with plural marriage.

Beyond that, it had the potential to divide the Church and increase hostilities from outside.

The History of Polygamy

After examining the biblical precedents Abraham, Jacob, David, and othersElder Pratt argued that the Church, as heir of the keys required anciently for plural marriages to be sanctioned by God, was required to perform such marriages as part of the restoration.

Both later taught the principle to others.

Polygamy in North America

The Bible often equates worshiping multiple gods, i. But to this day, mainstream Mormons encounter stereotypes of polygamy.

Taylor, both apostles, continued to be involved in performing or advocating new plural marriages afterand, as a result, Cowley was disfellowshipped and Taylor excommunicated from the church.

Divorce was therefore available to women who were unhappy in their marriages; remarriage was also readily available.

What's the history of polygamy in North America?

Especially in these newly formed congregations outside of Utah, monogamous families became central to religious worship and learning. Although some leaders had large polygamous families, two-thirds of polygamist men had only two wives at a time. While there was much love, tenderness, and affection within many plural marriages, the practice was generally based more on religious belief than on romantic love.

Where the family lived—whether in Salt Lake City, with its multiple social and cultural opportunities, or the rural hinterlands, where such opportunities were fewer in number—made a difference in how plural marriage was experienced.

Life in the Principle. After first learning of plural marriage, Brigham Young said he felt to envy the corpse in a funeral cortege and "could hardly get over it for a long time" JD 3: Pratt wrote in"These holy and sacred ordinances have nothing to do with whoredoms, unlawful connections, confusion or crime; but the very reverse.

Back in those days a child was considered to have more than one mother and he could have up to 4 monthers. Although the Mormon church officially prohibited new plural marriages aftermany plural husbands and wives continued to cohabit until their deaths in the s and s.

Although circumstances and the mechanics of family life varied, in general the living style was simply an adaptation of the nineteenth century American family. Probably half of those living in Utah Territory in experienced life in a polygamous family as a husband, wife, or child at some time during their lives.

Still, few new plural marriages were authorized in Utah before the completion of the Endowment house in Salt Lake City in The chief consort had to be of an equal caste. But those who heard only rumors, or who chose to distort and abuse the teaching, often envisioned and sometimes practiced something quite different.

Celtic traditions[ edit ] Some pre-Christian Celtic pagans were known to practice polygamy, although the Celtic peoples wavered between it, monogamy and polyandry depending on the time period and area. Israel has made polygamy illegal. Green, as applicable only in the State of Utah.

Public opposition to polygamy led to the first law against the practice inand, by the s, laws were increasingly punitive. Brigham Young to William H. Rabbi Tarfon married women. Israel prohibits polygamy by law. The Bennett scandal elicited several public statements aimed at arming the Saints against the abuses.

Furthermore, former chief rabbi Ovadia Yosef [73] has come out in favor of legalizing polygamy and the practice of pilegesh concubine by the Israeli government.

Originally published October Though Brigham Young disliked divorce and discouraged it, when women sought divorce he generally granted it.

History Of Polygamy

For one example of the feelings that existed between husband and wives, see Terryl L. Those who participated generally did so only after they had obtained reassurance and saw it as religious duty.In this article we are going to present you the history of polygamy.

By studying the history of polygamy you are going to better understand how everything works and what are the motivations in the past that have made this practice accepted. Polygamy is illegal in the United States. Federal legislation to outlaw the practice was endorsed as constitutional indespite the religious objections of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons), by the Supreme Court, in Reynolds v.

Plural Marriage and Families in Early Utah

Polygamy of either sort is far less common than it used to be, and is now concentrated in Africa, the Middle East, India, Thailand, and Indonesia.

The trend over the past century has been toward limiting polygamy. Polygamy became a significant social and political issue in the United States inwhen The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) made it known that a form of the practice, called plural marriage, was part of its doctrine.

Bywhen President Woodruff’s Manifesto lifted the command to practice plural marriage, Mormon society had developed a strong, loyal core of members, mostly made up of emigrants from Europe and the Eastern United States. But the demographic makeup of the worldwide Church membership had begun to change.

Rather than resolving the polygamy question, however, according to one historian: "For both the hierarchy and the general membership of the LDS Church, the Manifesto inaugurated an ambiguous era in the practice of plural marriage rivaled only by the status of polygamy during the lifetime of Joseph Smith.".

The history and practice of polygamy in united states history
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